Los procedimientos lexicales para la expresión del género en latín
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The aim of this paper is to summarize the views of differents scholars on heteronymy and on the lexemes of complementation or supporting lexemes, that is, the lexical devices used for expressing gender in Latin. Heteronymy is studied here through distinguishing the two lexical series in which it appears: kinship names and domestic animal names. In reviewing them one reaches the conclusion that Latin has inherited not only the majority of Indoeuropean heteronymic couples, but has also created new ones in the course of its evolution. With respect to the complementation terms, mas/femina, the study offers the lexical groups in which such supporting lexemes are used, viz. a) for distinguishing sex in names of common gender (communia nomina) or epicene (epicoena nomina) and in names of animals used as victims of ritual sacrifices; b) for other technical classifications; and c) for indicating the terminology of grammatical gender in early grammarians.