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dc.contributor.authorDíaz Peña, Francisco Javier 
dc.contributor.authorPerdomo González, Adolfo
dc.contributor.authorPérez Reverón, Raquel
dc.contributor.authorGoberna, Marta
dc.contributor.authorLeón Barrios, Milagros
dc.contributor.authorFernández López, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorVilladas, Pablo J.
dc.contributor.authorReyes Betancort, J. Alfredo
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-01T21:07:06Z
dc.date.available2024-02-01T21:07:06Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.urihttp://riull.ull.es/xmlui/handle/915/35962
dc.descriptionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163030
dc.description.abstractTheplantationofexoticspecieshasbeenacommonpracticein(semi-)aridareasworldwideaimingtorestorehighly degradedhabitats.Theeffectsoftheseplantationsonplantcoverorsoilerosionhavebeenwidelystudied,whilelittle attentionhasbeenpaidtotheconsequencesonsoilqualityandbelowgroundbiologicalcommunities.Thisstudyevaluatesthelong-term(>60years)effectsoftheexoticspeciesAcaciacyclopsandPinushalepensisrevegetationonsoil properties,includingmicrobiome,inanaridisland.Soilsunderexoticplantationwerecomparedtobothdegraded soilswithaverylowcoverofnativespeciesandsoilswithwell-preservednativeplantcommunities.Sevenscenarios wereselectedinasmallarea(~25ha)withsimilarsoiltypebutdifferingintheplantcover.Topsoils(0–15cm)were analyzedforphysical,chemicalandbiochemicalproperties,andampliconsequencingofbacterialandfungalcommunities.Microbialdiversitywassimilaramongsoilswithexoticplantsandnativevegetation(Shannon'sindex=5.26 and5.34,respectively),whilethemosterodedsoilsexhibitedsignificantlylowerdiversitylevels(Shannon'sindex= 4.72).Bacterialandfungalcommunities'compositionindegradedsoilsgreatlydifferedfromthoseinvegetatedsoils (Canberraindex=0.85and0.92,respectively)likelyduetohighsoilsodicity,finetexturesandcompaction.Microbial communities'compositionalsodifferedinsoilscoveredwithexoticandnativespecies,toagreaterextentforfungi thanforbacteria(Canberraindex=0.94and0.89,respectively),duetohigherlevelsofnutrients,microbialbiomass andactivityinsoilswithnativespecies.Resultssuggestthatreforestationsucceededinavoidingfurthersoildegradationbutstillleadingtorelevantchangesinsoilmicrobialcommunitythatmayhavenegativeeffectsonecosystemstability.Informationgainedinthisresearchcouldbeusefulforenvironmentalagenciesanddecisionmakersaboutthe controversialreplacementofexoticplantsininsularterritories.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScience of The Total Environment Volume 879, 2023
dc.rightsLicencia Creative Commons (Reconocimiento-No comercial-Sin obras derivadas 4.0 Internacional)
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es_ES
dc.titleHow harmful are exotic plantations for soils and its microbiome? A case study in an arid island
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.163030
dc.subject.keywordArid land
dc.subject.keywordSoil degradation
dc.subject.keywordRevegetation
dc.subject.keywordExotic plants
dc.subject.keywordSoil bacteria
dc.subject.keywordSoil fungi


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