Evaluación de actividad amebicida de productos marinos
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In this study, the in vitro amoebicidal effect of 10 Sesquiterpenes extracted from Palythoa aff. clavata was evaluated against three different Acanthamoeba strains using a colorimetric assay based on the alamarBlue®. Moreover, cytotoxicity studies in murine macrophages were carried out using the same colorimetric test. In order to evaluate the action mode to induce cell death, different apoptosis elucidation kits were used. Our results showed that the tested sesquiterpenes presented in vitro anti-Acanthamoeba activity at low doses causing low toxicity to macrophages. Furthermore, guaititol 7 induced chromatin condensation, reduction of the ATP levels, mitochondrial membrane potential disruption and plasmatic membrane increased permeability in A. castellanii Neff, which indicate an activation of a programmed cell death pathway. Thus, these molecules could serve as a potential alternative in therapy against Acanthamoeba infections.